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What is Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus, known as Diabetes. It is a metabolic disease that is known for causing high blood sugar. The hormone insulin is known as the reason for diabetes because when the body is not able to make enough Insulin it can cause diabetes. The disease occurs when the glucose and sugar is too high in the body. Glucose in the blood is the main source of energy and can get from the food we eat. Insulin, a hormone released by the Pancreas. It helps glucose from the food we eat into our body cells to be used for energy. After some time when the body can't produce enough insulin it can cause diabetes and this disease is not curable. Yes definitely we can take steps to lower the symptoms and we can manage diabetes by eating healthy food or exercise. 

Types of Diabetes:

There are mainly 2 types of diabetes and the third one is known as miscellaneous.

Type 1 (insulin deficit  ) - the pancreas stops producing insulin due to which the glucose level in our body increases. This happens due to some genetic predisposition plus some environmental triggers.

Type 2 (insulin resistance) -  blood cells don't respond to insulin in this case also leads to increases in our body's glucose level. This happens due to genetic predisposition and obesity or hypertension. 

Miscellaneous - this happens due to drug-induced and gestational diabetes.

Signs that you have Diabetes:

Symptoms of Type-I diabetes can appear in as little as a few weeks or months, and they can be severe. Type-I diabetes usually begins in childhood, adolescence, or early adulthood, but it can strike at any age. Whereas, symptoms of Type-II diabetes can take years to appear. Some people are completely oblivious to any signs. Type-II diabetes normally develops in adults, however, it is becoming more common in adolescents and teenagers.

Common symptoms for both Type I and Type II Diabetes:

  1. Frequent urination, especially at night

  2. Feeling thirsty all-day

  3. Increase in hunger

  4. Weight-loss with no efforts

  5. Blurry vision

  6. Numb hands and feet

  7. Feeling exhausted

  8. Drying of skin

  9. More infections than usual

Additional symptoms specific to Type I Diabetes:

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Abdominal pain

Suggested diet and daily routine to follow:

To control your blood sugar levels, the diabetic patient should avoid or stop the intake of sugary drinks, deep-fried foods, sweets, or any other fatty foods. Diabetic patients should focus on eating vegetables, protein-rich foods, good fats, and whole-grain foods. 

Following are the different types of food diabetic patients can eat-

1. Eggs.

2. Avocado.

3. Nuts.

4. Green vegetables.

5. Juice.

6. Fruits.

Diabetic patients should focus on their health and keep their bodies fit and healthy. It is recommended for diabetic patients to do aerobic activities every day for at least 30 minutes.

They can do any of the following exercises-

1. Walking/jogging/running.

2. Cycling.

3. Swimming

4. Yoga.

5. Weightlifting.